Saluda explosion

Haste was an imperative to eager gold-rushers, who wanted to get to the gold fields in a hurry. The wonder of boiler-stoked steamboat speed, as opposed to slower-moving sailing vessels, became the

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BlacksmithsThe mighty smith of folklore was the blacksmith, who worked with iron and steel and whose hammer wielded more force than his fellow craftsmen, the tinsmith and the whitesmith, who worked in lighter metals. The word “smith” derives its

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gold nuggetThe term “gold dust” conjures an image of a sand-like or coarse salt substance, but this was merely a convenient Gold Rush name for various-sized, small gold particles that included pea-sized nuggets and fish-scale-sized flakes. Miners typically

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SoapBefore soap factories were established in the West, people had to pay for costly imported soap, or make their own from lye and tallow.  Home-made lye was made by pouring boiling water over a bucket of only the white, paper-like flakes from a

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Group of womenWomen’s clothing did change over the course of the 19th Century, although skirts remained long.  The slim-lined empire gown of the early 1800s gave way to full-skirted, flounced dresses by the 1850s. In general, matrons wore more

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