Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1822—in general (though the specifics were different) for much the same political and economic reasons our Thirteen Colonies declared their independence
Aged 30 when he took office, J. Neely Johnson was, and remains, the youngest governor in California history. The son of a politically prominent Indiana family, Johnson was admitted to the Iowa Bar at age 21, but left
Fleeing from creditors in his native Switzerland, John Augustus Sutter landed in New York in 1834, near penniless. Nevertheless, he disembarked with trunks of books and clothing, and big dreams.
A Swiss adventurer named John August Sutter arrived in the Northern California wilderness in mid-August 1839, soon afterward constructing a walled trading post and year-round residence for himself that came