The Republic of Mexico Acquires California
Mexico gained its independence from Spain in 1821—in general (though the specifics were different) for much the same political and economic reasons our Thirteen Colonies declared their independence from England in 1776. The new Republic of Mexico acquired Spain’s former conquests extending from coastal California to the eastern border of Texas. In the twenty-five years that Mexico owned California, Mexico City sequentially installed seventeen governors in their inherited province. The original capital of California was at Monterey, established by Spain in 1770. Governor Pio Pico, a California native, briefly moved the capital to Los Angeles during his second term in 1845-1846.